The radiator (system) has not been deaerated correctly. If the central heating system contains too much air, then the radiator will make a gurgling sound.
At the bottom-connections of the Thermrad Super-8 radiator the inlet and outlet connections have been reversed. Seen from the front of the radiator (both middle-connections and bottom-connections on the right side) Inlet = Left / Outlet = Right. In radiator types 20, 21, 22 or 33, only the back of the radiator becomes warm and a rattling sound is frequently heard from the radiator insert.
The system pressure is too low. For standard residential systems, the pressure should be between 1.5 – 2 bar. For high-rise buildings, such as flats, this should be between 2 – 5 bar.
The system has not been (correctly) tuned up. Because the radiator valve has been set to an incorrect Kv-value, the flow through the radiator and/or system is incorrect.
The radiator or the radiator valve is blocked. By shutting off the other radiators, it is possible to test whether the relevant radiator heats up.